Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

By submitting an article to this journal you agree to comply with the following Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement.


Duties and responsibilities of authors

Originality and Plagiarism

All manuscripts must be the original work of authors and not evidence of plagiarism.

Authorship of the Paper

Authorship of a manuscript should be limited to authors who have made significant contributions.

Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication

Authors must not submit the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently.

Acknowledgment of sources

Authors must properly and accurately acknowledge the work of others.

Disclosure and Conflicts of interest and financial support

Authors should disclose any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that might influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript and acknowledge individuals or organizations that have provided financial support for research.

Data access and retention

Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with manuscripts for editorial review and should be prepared to provide public access to such data if possible.


Duties and responsibilities of editors

The editors are accountable for everything published in this journal. The editors strive to:

  • Meet the needs of readers and authors
  • Constantly improve the journal
  • Champion freedom of expression
  • Maintain the integrity of the academic record
  • Preclude business needs from comprising intellectual and ethical standards
  • Be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions, and apologies when needed.
Publication Decisions

Editors are responsible for deciding which of the manuscripts submitted to the journal should be reviewed or published.

Fair play

Editors should ensure the integrity of the publication review process. As such, editors should not reveal either the identity of authors of manuscripts to the reviewers or the identity of reviewers to authors.


Editors must treat received manuscripts for review as confidential documents and must not disclose any information about submitted manuscripts to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Editors and any editorial staff must not use materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript (published or unpublished) for their own research without the author’s written authorization.


Editors shall conduct a proper and fair investigation into ethical complaints.


Responsibility of reviewers


Reviewers should keep all information regarding papers confidential and treat them as privileged information.

Standards of Objectivity

Reviews should be conducted objectively, with no personal criticism of the author.

Contribution to Editorial Decision

Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.


Reviewers should complete their reviews within a specified timeframe.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Reviewers should not review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

Unresolved disputes

In the event of an unresolved dispute, complaints are to be submitted in writing via email to the Editor-in-Chief